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Even today, although continuously evolving, sculpture is still the leading method of expressing and commemorating both historical figures and events.During its history, it has attracted some of the world's greatest artists, including classical sculptors like Phidias, Myron of Eleutherae, Polyklitos, Skopas, Lysippos, Praxiteles and Leochares, as well as Donatello (1386-1466), Michelangelo (1475-1654), Giambologna (1529-1608), the great Bernini (1598-1680), Auguste Rodin (1840-1917), Henry Moore (1898-1986), Picasso (1881-1973), Constantin Brancusi (1876-1957), and Damien Hirst (b.1965).It is no longer exclusively representational but frequently wholly abstract.Nor is it purely solid and static: it may reference empty space in an important way, and can also be kinetic and capable of movement.Because of its three-dimensional nature and the fact it can be displayed in many more different types of location than (say) painting, there are a number of important concepts, and theoretical issues which govern the design and production of sculpture. The two principal elements of sculpture are mass and space.Mass refers to the sculpture's bulk, the solid bit contained within its surfaces.Compare Egyptian sculture with the works of Alexander Calder (1898-1976) and Naum Gabo (1890-1977) and you'll see what I mean.Ernst Barlach (1870-1938) Raymond Duchamp-Villon (1876-1918) Anna Hyatt Huntington (1876-1973) Umberto Boccioni (1882-1916) Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968) Jean Arp (1886-1966) Sophie Taeuber-Arp (1889-1943) Ossip Zadkine (1890-1967) Naum Gabo (1890-1977) Henri Gaudier-Brzeska (1891-1915) Jacques Lipchitz (1891-1973) Joan Miro (1893-1983) Katarzyna Kobro (1898-1951) Alexander Calder (1898-1976) Alberto Giacometti (1901-1966) Marino Marini (1901-80) Jean Dubuffet (1901-1985) Richmond Barthe (1901-1989) Barbara Hepworth (1903-1975) David Smith (1906-1965) Seamus Murphy (1907-1975) FE Mc William (1909-1992) Meret Oppenheim (1913-85) Louise Bourgeois (1911-2010) Cesar Baldaccini (1921-1998) Pol Bury (1922-2005) Nandor Glid (1924-97) Eduardo Paolozzi (1924-2005) Anthony Caro (1924-2013) Jean Tinguely (1925-1991) Duane Hanson (1925-96) Robert Rauschenberg (1925-2008) Vassilakis Takis (b.1925) Sol Le Witt (1928-2007) Claes Oldenburg (b.1929) Magdalena Abakanowicz (b.1930) Jasper Johns (b.1930) Niki de Saint-Phalle (1930-2002) Edward Delaney (1930-2009) Fernando Botero (b.1932) Mark Di Suvero (b.1933) Carl Andre (b.1935) Walter de Maria (b.1935) Richard Serra (b.1939) Bruce Naumann (b.1941) John De Andrea (b.1941) Giuseppe Pen One (b.1947) Anthony Gormley (b.1950) Rowan Gillespie (b.1953) Anish Kapoor (b.1954) Jeff Koons (b.1955) Damien Hirst (b.1965).
Nowadays, new forms of light-related sculpture (eg.Another important element of (most) sculptures are their surfaces.These can produce quite different visual effects according to whether they are (eg) convex or concave, flat or modelled, coloured or uncoloured. Definition of Sculpture History, Origins of Sculpture The Theory of Sculpture (Elements & Principles of Design) Materials Used in Sculpture Stone Jade Wood Bronze Clay Modern Materials Types of Sculpture Sculpture As a Public Art More Information About Sculpture Chinese Terracotta Warriors.A ceramic masterpiece created during the era of Qin Dynasty art (221-206 BCE).